HISTORY OF POLICE IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA

South Australia Police is recognised as the third oldest centrally controlled police force in the world

 

HISTORY OF POLICE IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA

With a strong and vibrant heritage dating back to 1838, South Australia Police is recognised as the third oldest centrally controlled police force in the world after the London and Dublin metropolitan forces.

PROCLAMATION OF THE COLONY

The colony of South Australia was proclaimed on 28 December 1836 but for the first 16 months it did not have a police force as authorities had initially assumed that citizens would be law abiding.  However after concerns about felons entering the new settlement from neighbouring colonies, SAPOL was formed in 28 April 1838 under the command of Inspector Henry Inman.  It comprised 10 Mounted Constables and 10 Foot Constables.

APPOINTMENT OF FIRST POLICE COMMISSIONER

In 1840, Major Thomas Shouldham O'Halloran was appointed as the first Commisioner of Police.  At this time, SAPOL comprised one Superintendent, two Inspectors, three Sergeants and 47 Constables and was divided into both Foot and Mounted Sections.  They wore a uniform styled on the British police/military uniform of the time.

APPOINTMENT OF FIRST POLICE WOMAN

On 1 October 1915, Kate Cocks was the first woman to be sworn in as a police officer with equal pay and conditions to those of her male counterparts.

FOUNDATION DAY

SAPOL's rich and diverse history is commemorated on Foundation Day, held annually on 28 April.

 

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